The European Union is gradually moving towards banning gasoline cars by 2035. Legislation in favor of the climate to which France is not the most favorable.
The European Parliament has voted the end of the heat engine
Halve greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 and achieve carbon neutrality by 2050: this is the objective that the European Union has set itself to meet its climate objectives. In order to achieve this, the European Commission presented some twenty proposals last year. This Wednesday, June 8, several were adopted by the European Parliament, including the end of the thermal car.
The EU parliamentary body is in favor of it: from 2035, the sale of cars with internal combustion engines (diesel, petrol) will be prohibited. This ban will affect passenger cars, light vans and hybrid cars.
Vehicles mixing electric and thermal energy are therefore not intended to be installed in the European landscape: they will only be used for the transition to all-electric. However, hybrid engines are on the rise on the continent: non-rechargeable versions currently represent a quarter of the market, according to a recent report by the Association of European Manufacturers (Acea) (compared to 10% for 100% electric vehicles). .
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End clap for the hybrid?
This means that manufacturers will have to cease production of vehicles within ten years, which should continue to enjoy some success until then. To give them extra leeway, France wanted an exception until 2040 for hybrid vehiclesbut it was not accepted.
Already, last November, France, and its two manufacturers, Renault and Stellantis, had refrained from signing the agreement reached at COP 26, which provided for the end of the gasoline engine by 2040, including hybrids.
For the representatives of French interests, the hybrid indeed represents a means of initiating a less abrupt transition to 100% electric, while retaining jobs in the sector. According to the Automotive Platform, these are indeed 100,000 jobs that would be threatened by 2035 by going all-electric.
Several problems to overcome by 2035
This transition poses many problems for the car industry, which is not yet technically able to produce only battery-powered vehicles. It should also be remembered that the production of the latter is today largely relocated (especially in Asia). Despite continental relocation projects, there is therefore a real fear of a loss of European jobs.
Finally, three other major problems arise for the next ten years: that of the cost of electric vehicles, which remains higher than that of thermals (excluding bonuses). On this subject, the gradual fall in the price of batteries is partly reassuring. Then, a lack of equipment: France has not met its installation targets for charging stations Last year. However, a peaceful transition will not take place without an effective territorial network. There remains the question of reality carbon footprint of electric vehicles. For the progress for the climate to be real, it will also be necessary to monitor the source of the electrical energy used to power our vehicles.
To be finally adopted, the end of the thermal vehicle must still receive the approval of the Council of Europe, and be submitted to the vote of the Member States. Let us recall, to finish, that in France, the recent Climate law had shown itself to be a little less ambitious: it had not ratified a total ban, but only the end of the marketing of vehicles emitting more than 123 g/km of CO2 by 2030 (with the possibility that they still represent up to 5% of registrations).
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